Week 5 Individual Community Policing Proposal

Community Policing Proposal is based on the unique municipality that was assigned to you by your instructor at the beginning of this course. The Community Policing Proposal should differ from the draft because it incorporates the material, concepts, and the feedback that was gained in this course.

Your final assignment for this course will be to create a Community Policing Proposal to a fictional community.

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Your instructor will be assigning you a fictional community profile this week. You will use this profile to inform the design of your Community Policing Proposal. The final proposal will include the following elements:

* A description of the community and its needs
* A step-by-step implementation plan designed with the specific needs of your community in mind
* A practical strategy that can be used to communicate your community policing model to the community and the law enforcement organization

Part 1

Your instructor will send you a brief description of a community. Upon receiving the community profile, create a name for your community. Provide a written description of the community and a description of the crime issue at hand. You may add unique details to the description of the community or the issue if you think it will benefit your assignment. Submit a written description of the community for which you will be creating a Community Policing Proposal.

Part 2

Describe how federal, state, and local law enforcement work together in criminal investigations. Answer the following questions:

* What is the scanning, analyze, response, and assessment (SARA) model?
* How does this model apply to community policing? Give 2 examples.
* Can the same models for partnerships be used in every jurisdiction? Why or why not?

Pick one of the following communities:

Municipality A

Create a name for this community with the following characteristics:

* Of the people living in this area, 95% are Caucasian; 2% are African American; 2% are Hispanic; 0.5% are Asian; 0.2% are either Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander; and 0.3% are American Indian or Alaskan Native, of some other race, or of two or more races.
* 17.96% of the population is over the age of 65. 61.29% are of working age (18–64). 20.75% are under 18, and 5.31% are under 5 years old.
* The median household income for the study area was $42,000, compared to a state median of $50,000, as estimated in the most recent Census American Community Survey. The number of households divided by income categories is shown in the Annual Income Category table. In 2010, 57.16% of households in the study area had an annual income of less than $50,000, compared to 50.24% of people in the state.
* This community has recently experienced a dramatic spike in drug activity.

You may provide additional details about the community if it will benefit your Community Policing Proposal.

Municipality B

Create a name for this community with the following characteristics:

* Of the people living in this area, 72% are Hispanic; 10% are African American; 8% are Caucasian; 6% are Asian; 2% are either Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander; and 2% are American Indian or Alaskan Native, of some other race, or of two or more races.
* 20% of the population is over the age of 65. 60% are of working age (18–64). 20% are under 18, and 7% of that population are under 5 years old.
* The median household income for the study area was $35,000, compared to a state median of $50,000, as estimated in the most recent Census American Community Survey.
* This community has recently experienced a dramatic spike in prostitution.

You may provide additional details about the community if you feel they will benefit your Community Policing Proposal

Municipality C

Create a name for this community with the following characteristics:

* Of the people living in this area, 95% are Caucasian; 0.05% are African American; 2% are Hispanic; 2% are Asian; 0.03% are either Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander; and 0.02% are American Indian or Alaskan Native, of some other race, or of two or more races.
* 35% of the population is over the age of 65. 50% are of working age (18–64). 15% are under 18, and 5% of that population are under 5 years old.
* The median household income for the study area was $71,000, compared to a state median of $50,000, as estimated in the most recent Census American Community Survey.
* This community has experienced a dramatic spike in personal property damage.

You may provide additional details about the community if you feel they will benefit your Community Policing Proposal.

Municipality D

Create a name for this community with the following characteristics:

* Of the people living in this area, 82% are African American; 0.12% are Hispanic; 4% are Caucasian; 1% are Asian; and 0.1% are either Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, American Indian or Alaskan Native, of some other race, or of two or more races.
* 41% of the population is over the age of 65. 30% are of working age (18–64). 29% are under 18, and 5% of that population are under 5 years old.
* The median household income for the study area was $23,000, compared to a state median of $50,000, as estimated in the most recent Census American Community Survey.
* This community has experienced a dramatic spike in gang activity.

You may provide additional details about the community if you feel they will benefit your Community Policing Proposal.

Municipal A is the research proposal from the previous assignments. This individual assignment should be different:

Nowadays, the police are viewed by the public in two perspectives. In one way, they are seen as protectors who the public look up to. Ones who can keep the peace and ones who can solve problems. In the other way, police officers are deemed as ones who get paid too much to perform their duties, or they are seen as doughnut eaters/coffee takers.

For the proposal, we shall work with municipality A which entails a mixed-race community. We shall name it Shashi Municipality. The municipality Communities are therefore forced to turn to community oriented policing due to rampant cases of crimes such robberies, rapes and thefts.

In an article “community policing in post September 11 America” Ben Brown discusses how a nation should start in municipalities with community policing before starting community based implementation of counter-terrorism oriented programs. Brown discuss in detail about the US PATRIOT act. He further explains the advanced tools offered to law enforcers after the 9/11 events. He therefore relates this to community policing as he argues that members of the public view police and law enforcement measures to be very intrusive. “…the war on terrorism has taken a toll on the community policing movement. There has been an increase in aggressive security measures such as proactive patrols around national landmarks, an increase in technologically enhanced investigative tactics such as bugging homes, and a decrease in federal funding for community policing efforts. However, there is little evidence to suggest that the decrease in support for community policing or the increased use of aggressive tactics and invasive technology will either reduce the threat of terrorism or be an effective means of controlling crime and disorder” (Brown 242). This quote just about sums up Brown’s article. He really does not think that the September 11th attacks helped the community policing cause. (Brown)

In the article “Project Safe Neighborhoods and Violent Crime Trends in US Cities: Assessing Violent Crime Impact” Timothy Bynum and the other authors talk about a community policing initiative called Project Safe Neighborhoods. The authors here throw a lot of statistics at, us, the reader right in the beginning of the article. They explain the Project Safe Neighborhoods initiative by saying it was stemmed from an anti-gun initiative from the federal government in the early 2000s. (Bynum et al.)

This past summer I worked in a police department that preached this idea of “community policing.” Ocean City Police Department, the department I worked for, has a young Chief who grew up in Ocean City and who is looking to serve the community. Community Policing is something I hope to examine further and see if it truly works more than the “hard-knocks” style of police work. I want to give surveys to High Point University students and interview some of the full-time officers of the Ocean City, NJ police department to get their view on community policing. I want to see if the general public, compared to police officers, thinks this initiative is a good thing. The government has spent millions on their C.O.P.S. program, which I will examine in my paper as well. Police officers are given an awesome responsibility, however I want to see if this tactic of community policing, makes it easier or harder on police officers and the communities in which they serve.

Works Cited

Brown, Ben. “Community Policing In Post-September 11 America: A Comment On The Concept Of Community-Oriented Counterterrorism.” Police Practice & Research 8.3 (2007): 239-251. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 January 2017.

Bynum, Timothy et al. “Project Safe Neighborhoods And Violent Crime Trends In US Cities: Assessing Violent Crime Impact.” Journal Of Quantitative Criminology 26.2 (2010): 165-190. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 January 2017.

Corsianos, Marilyn. “Responding To Officers’ Gendered Experiences Through Community Policing And Improving Police Accountability To Citizens.” Contemporary Justice Review 14.1 (2011): 7-20. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 January 2017.

 
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